Led Zeppelin - Kashmir - 1975

Led Zeppelin's "Kashmir" (1975)

Led Zeppelin's "Kashmir" is a song released in 1975 on their album "Physical Graffiti." It's known for its unique blend of rock and Middle Eastern influences. The song was written by Jimmy Page, Robert Plant, and John Bonham, and it showcases Led Zeppelin's experimental approach to music. You can dive deeper into the song's history, musical structure, and influence in rock music through the following sections.

Background and Recording

  1. Led Zeppelin: Learn about the band's formation and its members.
  2. Physical Graffiti: Explore the album on which "Kashmir" was featured.
  3. Music Production in the 1970s: Understand the recording techniques and technology of the era.

Musical Elements

  1. Rock Music: Discover the roots and evolution of rock music.
  2. Middle Eastern Music: Understand the influence of Middle Eastern sounds on "Kashmir."
  3. Music Composition: Learn about the process of writing and arranging music.

Legacy and Influence

  1. 1970s Rock Music: Explore the broader context of rock music in the 1970s.
  2. Music and Culture: Examine how "Kashmir" influenced and was influenced by the culture of its time.
  3. Cover Versions of Kashmir: Discover other artists' interpretations and performances of the song.

Interactive Tasks

Quiz: Questions on the song

What unique musical element is prominent in "Kashmir"? (Middle Eastern influences) (!Heavy metal riffs) (!Jazz improvisation) (!Electronic beats)

Quiz: Questions on the Performer

Which member of Led Zeppelin primarily wrote the lyrics for "Kashmir"? (Robert Plant) (!Jimmy Page) (!John Bonham) (!John Paul Jones)

Quiz: Questions on the lyrics

Which line from "Kashmir" suggests a journey or voyage? ("Oh, let the sun beat down upon my face, stars to fill my dream") (!"It's just a spring clean for the May queen") (!"And so today, my world it smiles") (!"There's a sign on the wall, but she wants to be sure")


Album "Physical Graffiti" Year of Release: 1975
Song "Kashmir" Genre: Rock with Middle Eastern Influences
Band Member Robert Plant Role: Lead Vocalist and Lyricist
Led Zeppelin Origin: United Kingdom
"Kashmir" Lyrics Theme: Journey and Exploration

Open Tasks


  1. Exploring Rock Music: Create a playlist of 1970s rock songs and explain their significance.
  2. Middle Eastern Music Influence: Identify other rock songs with Middle Eastern influences.


  1. Interview with a Musician: Conduct an interview with a local musician about the influence of "Kashmir" on modern music.
  2. Music Composition Analysis: Analyze the structure of "Kashmir" and describe its musical components.


  1. Creating a Music Video: Produce a music video for "Kashmir," expressing your interpretation of the song.
  2. Songwriting Inspired by Led Zeppelin: Write an original song inspired by Led Zeppelin's style.

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Oral Exam

  1. Comparative Music Analysis: Compare "Kashmir" with another Led Zeppelin song and discuss the evolution of the band's music style.
  2. Impact of Music on Culture: Discuss how "Kashmir" reflects the socio-cultural context of the 1970s.

OERs on the Topic


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