Biko - Peter Gabriel

For the topic "Biko" by Peter Gabriel, I found several relevant images from Wikimedia Commons:

- An image from Peter Gabriel's "Back To Front" tour, capturing a performance related to the song "Biko"​​.

- A featured image of Peter Gabriel from Wikimedia Commons, widely used across various Wikipedia pages​​.

- A photo of Peter Gabriel during his "Back To Front" tour in 2014​​.

- An image depicting Peter Gabriel in a performance, specifically linked to the Genesis song "Watcher of the Skies"​​.

- A photo of Peter Gabriel associated with the Genesis album "Selling England by the Pound"​​.

- A photo of Peter Gabriel performing at the Conspiracy of Hope concert in 1986​​.

- A portrait of Peter Gabriel by photographer Allan Warren​​.

- An image of Peter Gabriel dating back to April 1975​​.

- A photograph of Peter Gabriel taken by Ralf Roletschek​​.


Biko by Peter Gabriel is not just a song, but a powerful political statement. Released in 1980, this song commemorates the life and death of South African anti-apartheid activist Stephen Bantu Biko, who died in police custody in 1977. Through this song, Gabriel brought international attention to South Africa's apartheid policies and Biko's struggle for equality.

Background of 'Biko'

Biko was a departure from Peter Gabriel's usual style, focusing on political issues and human rights rather than personal themes. The song features a haunting melody and traditional African singing, emphasizing its connection to Biko's heritage and struggle.

  1. Learn more about Stephen Bantu Biko and his role in the anti-apartheid movement.
  2. Explore the History of Apartheid in South Africa to understand the context of the song.
  3. Discover other Music and Political Activism instances throughout history.

Peter Gabriel's Influence in Music

Peter Gabriel, the former lead singer of Genesis, has been influential in the music industry for his innovative approach to music and visuals. His solo career post-Genesis saw him experimenting with world music and digital recording techniques.

  1. Explore Peter Gabriel's Musical Career and his impact on the music industry.
  2. Delve into the history and evolution of World Music.
  3. Understand the role of Digital Recording Techniques in Music.

Analysis of 'Biko' Lyrics

The lyrics of 'Biko' are poignant and serve as a rallying cry against injustice. They evoke strong imagery and emotional response, urging listeners to remember Biko and the fight against apartheid.

  1. Analyze the Lyrics of 'Biko' and their meaning.
  2. Discover how Music Can Influence Social Change.
  3. Learn about other Songs with a Political Message.

Interactive Tasks

Quiz: Questions on the song

What year was 'Biko' released? (1980) (!1977) (!1985) (!1990)

Which traditional element is featured in 'Biko'? (Traditional African singing) (!American blues influences) (!Electronic music elements) (!Classical European orchestra)

For whom is the song 'Biko' a tribute? (Stephen Bantu Biko) (!Nelson Mandela) (!Mahatma Gandhi) (!Martin Luther King Jr.)

What was the primary theme of 'Biko'? (Anti-apartheid and human rights) (!Love and relationships) (!Environmental issues) (!Personal struggles)

How did 'Biko' differ from Peter Gabriel's earlier work with Genesis? (Focused on political issues rather than personal themes) (!More electronic music elements) (!Use of orchestral arrangements) (!Simpler song structures)

Quiz: Questions on the Performer

Before his solo career, which band was Peter Gabriel a member of? (Genesis) (!Pink Floyd) (!The Rolling Stones) (!U2)

In addition to music, what is Peter Gabriel known for? (Innovative use of visuals in music) (!Acting in films) (!Writing science fiction novels) (!Professional sports career)

Which of these is a key aspect of Peter Gabriel's musical style? (Experimentation with world music) (!Heavy metal influences) (!Jazz improvisation) (!Classical music compositions)

What is a significant contribution of Peter Gabriel to the music industry? (Advancement in digital recording techniques) (!Development of electric guitar technology) (!Creating the first music video) (!Inventing a new musical instrument)

In what year did Peter Gabriel leave Genesis to start his solo career? (1975) (!1970) (!1980) (!1990)

Quiz: Questions on the lyrics

What does 'Biko' urge listeners to do? (Remember Stephen Biko and the fight against apartheid) (!Forget the past and focus on the future) (!Celebrate life and joy) (!Focus on personal success)

What emotion does the song 'Biko' primarily evoke? (Sorrow and solidarity) (!Joy and happiness) (!Anger and rebellion) (!Indifference and detachment)

What is a key theme in the lyrics of 'Biko'? (Injustice and the struggle for freedom) (!Romantic love) (!Adventure and exploration) (!Nature and the environment)

How does the song 'Biko' end? (With repeated chanting of "Biko") (!With a guitar solo) (!With a spoken word monologue) (!With a fade-out of instrumental music)

The lyrics "You can blow out a candle, but you can't blow out a fire" in 'Biko' signify what? (The enduring spirit of resistance and change) (!The fleeting nature of life) (!The power of love) (!The importance of staying calm)


Create a memory game with matching pairs for this topic. Insert suitable texts (at least 5 pairs) using exactly the following format, write only the text and leave no characters out, do not transform anything into a table, etc. Do not use any term twice. Term A matches Term 1, Term B matches Term 2, etc.

Peter Gabriel Former Lead Singer of Genesis
1980 Year 'Biko' was Released
Stephen Bantu Biko Subject of the Song 'Biko'
Apartheid Key Theme in 'Biko'
Traditional African Singing Musical Element in 'Biko'

Open Tasks


  1. Create a Playlist: Compile a playlist of songs similar to 'Biko' that focus on social and political themes.
  2. Draw a Portrait: Sketch a portrait of Stephen Bantu Biko or Peter Gabriel inspired by the song.


  1. Write a Reflection: Pen a short essay on how 'Biko' influenced your understanding of apartheid.
  2. Explore Musical Genres: Research and present about the influence of world music in popular songs.


  1. Design a Music Video: Create a storyboard or an actual music video for 'Biko' that captures its message.
  2. Conduct an Interview: Interview someone knowledgeable about apartheid or music activism and share your findings.

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Oral Exam

  1. Discussing Impact: Discuss how 'Biko' influenced public awareness of apartheid and compare it to other politically charged songs.
  2. Exploring Lyrics: Analyze the lyrics of 'Biko' and relate them to the historical context of apartheid.
  3. Musical Styles: Explain how Peter Gabriel's fusion of world music and pop influenced the music industry.

OERs on the Topic


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